2021 - 2022
Above lists updated on 17th January 2022
PresidentBengal Chamber of Commerce & IndustryDirectorITC Infotech India LimitedVirginia House,37, Chowringhee Road,Kolkatta 700 071
CEO - HR SYNERGY
Mr. Bharat Singh Mehta is the CEO, HR Synergy, a total HR solution providing Organization. He is a Senior HR professional having over four decades of experience of working with leading industrial houses of the country. Bharat Mehta retired as the group HR Head (VP & CHRO) of Triveni Engineering and Industries Ltd. and has earlier worked with DCM Shriram Industries and JK Tyre and Industries.
Bharat Mehta is a Certified Executive Coach and helps senior executives improve their performance. He is a certified Large Scale Interactive Process facilitator and has helped organizations identify problem issues and their answer thru combined effort of a large number of employees. He has successfully executed Leadership Development Initiatives, Strategic HR, PMS Development, Competency Development, Cultural Change and Talent Pipeline Development initiatives. He conducts MDPs in OB areas for organizations.
Mr. Bharat Mehta holds Masters Degree in Industrial Sociology (Silver Medalist) and PG Diploma in Personnel Management (Gold Medalist). Mr. Mehta is actively involved with various Industry Associations and Business Schools. He is the Co Chairman Innovation and Industry Committee and member Managing Committee of PHDCCI, Former Corporation Member of ESIC, Former Executive Committee Member of DMA , Member Expert Committee on HR of ASSOCHAM and member Industry Advisory Committee of leading Management Schools.
Vice President – EFSI & Managing Director - Nitta Gelatin India Ltd.
Mr. Sajiv K. Menon is the Managing Director of Nitta Gelatin India Limited since April 1, 2014. Nitta Gelatin India Limited is a publicly listed Company promoted by the Osaka headquartered Nitta Gelatin Group. Prior to his current assignment, he was with the Murugappa Group of Companies for almost two decades.
An alumnus of IIM-B, Mr. Menon is also a recipient of the Distinguished Alumnus Award of the National Institute of Technology, Tiruchirapalli. He is currently serving as the President of the Indo Japan Chamber of Commerce – Kerala, President of the Indo American Chamber of Commerce – Kerala, and is a Director on the Board of the Gelatin Manufacturers of Asia Pacific. He is a Charter Member of The Indus Entrepreneurs.
Chairman – Western Regional Committee – EFI, Director, ICICI Bank Limited
Homi Khusrokhan is a B. Com. from Bombay University, a Fellow of the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India and M.Sc. (Econ.) from the London School of Economics & Political Science. He worked for 29 years with Glaxo & Burroughs Wellcome in India and retired as Managing Director of both companies in 2000. During his stewardship, in 1999, Glaxo was rated as India’s Most Respected Company by Business World.
He then joined the Tata Group as MD of Tata Tea Ltd. and later became MD of Tata Chemicals. Both companies became the world’s 2 nd largest Companies in Tea & Soda Ash during his tenure by virtue of major international acquisitions which he managed.
After retiring in 2008, he was appointed Special Adviser to the Government-appointed Board of Satyam Computer Services Ltd. in 2009.
He has worked with various Industry Organizations and Chambers of Commerce. He was President of the Organization of Pharmaceutical Producers of India and Vice-President of the Bombay Chamber of Commerce and Industry.
He is presently Senior Adviser, Private Equity to Tata Capital and a Non-Executive Director, on several Boards. He is Chairman of the Western Region of the Employers Federation of India, Chairman of United Way, Mumbai, Vice-President of the Indian Red Cross Society, serves on the board of governors of a secondary school and certain hospitals and is President of the Bombay Natural History Society.
Past President EFI & Director Cummins India Ltd.Cummins India Office Campus, Tower A, 5th Floor, Survey No. 21, Balewadi, Pune 411 045, Maharashtra.
Worked for Government of India for a Decade - Atomic Energy Commission, Electronics Commission, BHEL - Consultant to UNDP & World Bank for 15 months Business Leadership role in Consumer & Industrial Corporate Sector (3 Decades)- Sharp, G.E. Lighting, Bharat Forge, Cummins Active in Industry Forums - President, Mahratta Chamber of Commerce, Industry and Agriculture (MCCIA), Pune (2018-2020) - President, Employers’ Federation of India (EFI) (2016-2018) - Chairman, CII, Western Region (2013-2014) Engaged in various agenda of Civic Society - Skill Development , Employability, Women Empowerment, Environment (GreenCo)
Conceived & Steered “Pune Power Model” - Leading to Zero Load Shedding in city of Pune Associated with leading Academic Institutions - IIMs (Ahmedabad, Bangalore, Indore, Udaipur); Symbiosis Independent Director on Board of Leading Corporates - Trustee at KEM Hospital, Pune; Science Technology Park; - Lila Poonawala Foundation
Past President – EFI & President (Group HR & After Market) & Member of Group Executive Board
Rajeev Dubey is the Group President (HR & Corporate Services) & CEO (After-Market Sector), Member of the Group Executive Board, Mahindra & Mahindra Ltd. His key focus areas are Human Capital initiatives of the Group, the After-Market businesses whose CEO’s report to him, Group Communications, Government Relations, CSR and Infrastructure. He is the Chairman of Mahindra Insurance Brokers, Mahindra Steel Service Centres and Mahindra First Choice Services, and serves on the Boards of several Group companies including Ssangyong Motors Korea, Mahindra Intertrade and Mahindra First Choice Wheels. He is Chairman of the Group CSR Council and the Corporate Governance Cell, Member of the Governing Council of the Mahindra Institute of Quality and of the Advisory Board of Bristlecone USA.
He joined Mahindra & Mahindra Ltd. in January 2004 after a career spanning 29 years in the Tata Group, which he joined in 1975 as a member of the TAS, the central managerial cadre of the Tata Group. He spent 21 years with Tata Steel, and the next 7 years as CEO first of Tata Metaliks and then of Rallis India.
He studied Economics at St. Stephens College, Delhi University, where he was ranked first in the University, and at the Delhi School of Economics, where he received a National Scholarship. He went on to do his MBA from the Yale School of Management, USA as a J N Tata scholar, and was selected as a Distinguished Alumnus of the School. Rajeev is a Member of the Governing Body of the International Labour Organization (ILO), Geneva and serves on the Board of the International Organization of Employers (IOE), Geneva, where he is also the Chairperson of the Future of Work Policy Group. He is a member of the National Executive Council and the Steering Committee of FICCI (Federation of the Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry) and is Chairman of their HR Committee. He also serves as a core member of the Council of Global Advisors of the Yale School of Management, USA, the Advisory Board of Konecranes India and is a Past President of the National Human Resource Development Network (NHRDN) and the Employers’ Federation of India (EFI).
Executive ChairmanPAE Limited69 Tardeo RoadOpp. Film CenterMumbai – 400 034
ChairmanKotak Mahindra BankC/o Express Industrial Services Pvt. Ltd.Mittal Towers14th Floor, C-WingNariman Point – Mumbai 400 021
Chairman & Managing DirectorHSIL LimitedUnit No.301 & 302Park Centra, 3rd FloorSector 30, NH 8Gurgaon – 122 001, Haryana
Executive Director & Head (Personnel & Administration) - Godrej & Boyce Mfg. Co. Ltd.
Anil G. Verma is the President & Executive Director of Godrej & Boyce Mfg. Co. Ltd. Godrej & Boyce Mfg. Co. Ltd. is a part of the Godrej group that touches the lives of 750 million Indians every day & has a diverse business portfolios ranging from Appliances to Aerospace, from Material Storage & Handling to Locking & Security Solutions.
As part of his current role Anil overseas a team of over 12000 associates in India and abroad, at establishments in India & abroad.
Anil is also the Chairman of the Board of Directors, Godrej Consoveyo. Consoveyo is a part of the Korber group and is in the business of providing Intra logistics Automation solutions.
Anil is also a Director on the Board of Godrej Infotech Limited, which is a technology company in the niche space of ERP implementation. Anil did his graduate studies in Engineering from Indian Institute of Technology, BHU. He is an MBA from the Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad and has successfully completed a Senior Executive Program from the Sloan School of Management, MIT, USA. Over and above his official duties, he currently serves as (a) Governor on the Board of National Safety Council of India (NSCI),(b) Chairman of the National Taskforce on Industrial Safety, Occupational Health & Safety, CII, (c) Member, CII Economic Affairs Council.,(d) Executive Committee Member of the CII Institute of quality.,(e) Executive Committee Member, Western Region, CII.,(f) Executive Committee Member of the Employers’ Federation of India (EFI)
Anil was also a jury member of the Superbrand India, 2016, list.
Anil is closely engaged with NGO’s that Godrej supports namely, (i) War Wounded Foundation (ii) Republican Sports Club (iii) Vasantha Memorial (iv) NASEOH (National Society for Equal Opportunities for the Handicapped) and has been actively involved in the fund-raising drives from employees and well-wishers, leading to collection of funds of nearly 800 million in the last decade.
Director General - Bombay Chamber of Commerce & Industry
Director General - Indian Merchants Chamber
Advocate - High Court, Mumbai
Advocate Bharat Goyal graduated in Law from the Government Law College, Mumbai in the year 1986. He joined and started his career with the late Mr. F. N. Kaka, a Senior Counsel practicing in the Bombay High Court and worked with him as his junior for about 4 years.
Thereafter, he worked with a Junior to Mr. S. F. Parakh, Advocate & Solicitor who was also associated with Late Mr. F. N. Kaka. On and from the year 1999, he has been practicing independently in Courts, in the field of Labour and Industrial Laws.
Mr. Bharat Goyal has been appearing on behalf of several Companies in their matters before the High Court at Mumbai, Industrial Court, Labour Court, Central Government Industrial Tribunal as well as in Courts outside Mumbai. Some of the prominent Indian Companies that he has been representing and on behalf of who he has been appearing in Courts and/or advising are Godrej and Boyce Mfg. Co. Ltd., and all its group Companies, Larsen and Toubro Limited, Voltas Limited, JSW group of Companies, Piramal Healthcare Ltd., Lupin Ltd., Franco Indian Pharmaceuticals Pvt. Ltd., FDC Ltd, Alembic Pharmaceuticals Ltd, Zuventus Healthcare Ltd, Troikaa Pharmaceuticals Limited, Kotak Mahindra Bank Ltd, Development Credit Bank, Asian Heart Institute and Research Centre, Jaslok Hospital and Research Centre, P. D. Hinduja National Hospital and Research Centre, Fortis Hospitals Ltd, Sodexo Facilities Management India Pvt. Ltd and Indian Express Newspapers.
Mr. Goyal has been representing and advising several multinational Companies such as ACC Ltd (part of Holcim Group of Switzerland and Lafarge SA), DHL Express (India) Pvt. Ltd, Fedex Express Transportation & Supply Chain Services (India) Pvt. Ltd, Castrol (India) Limited, Colgate Palmolive Ltd, GlaxoSmith Kline, Abbott Healthcare Ltd, Royal Bank of Scotland, BNP Paribas Bank, Nomura Services India Pvt. Ltd, Panasonic Life Solutions India Pvt. Ltd, MullenLowe Lintas Group, J. Walter Thompson South Asia, GroupM Media India Private Limited, Marsh India Insurance Brokers Pvt Ltd and Willis Towers Watson India Insurance Brokers Pvt. Ltd.
Mr. Goyal has also been an advisor to Companies on how to innovatively and proactively handle employee relations so that organizations can adapt to the changed environment where the law, particularly in Maharashtra, the MRTU and PULP Act, 1971 has been very restrictive. He has also been updating Companies in respect of various amendments/ notifications issued by the appropriate Authorities under the Labour Laws as well as significant/ landmark judgments pronounced by the Supreme Court and various High Courts in the field of Labour laws.
As Vice President of the Industrial Relations Institute of India, he has been active in professional forums addressing Conferences and Workshops organised by the Institute and giving an update of the law and case law in Industrial Relations, updating the academic knowledge and skills of HR/legal professionals in the Industry and also contributing to articles in the monthly Journal Arbiter.
Mr. Goyal is also an Honorary Member in the Executive Committee of The Employers Federation of India.
Director General - Bengal Chamber of Commerce & Industry
Chairperson - People Management Committee Bengal Chamber of Commerce & Industry
Chairman – Northern Region Committee, Managing Director - Wig Brothers India Private Limited
Mr. Michael Dias is an eminent Lawyer in the field of Employment Laws. He is also Secretary, The Employer’s Association – Delhi since 1986, an institution promoted by him to assist Employers in statutory compliances and for harmonious workplace relations. He has wide experience in the field of Labour Laws and Industrial Relations of more than 40 years. He is a Member of various Industry Associations such as FICCI, CII, ASSOCHAM, PHD Chamber of Commerce & Industry, to name a few. He has been an Employer Representative on various Statutory Boards constituted by the Government of India including the Employees State Insurance Corporation and currently is a Member of the Central Board of Trustees; a statutory body constituted under the EPF & MP Act, 1952. Mr. Dias has been an Executive Member of various Institutions and their Governing Bodies including All India Organization of Employers, The Leprosy Mission of India, Holy Family Hospital, Salwan Public School, Delhi University and the like.
He is also a visiting Lecturer and a Keynote Speaker at various programmes on Employment Laws organized by professional bodies such as AIMA, National HRD Network, School for Inspired Leadership, Gurgaon, IMT Ghaziabad and the like. He has served on a number of Committees set up by the Government of India for Labour legislations and Arbitration including the erstwhile Planning Commission and World Bank. Currently, he is working on the Labour Codes drafted by Government of India, that are expected to be enacted by Parliament in their forthcoming Sessions.
His strengths are that he has a comprehensive knowledge of various Employment Laws and their implementation including the management of Contract Labour, besides representation of Employers before various Labour Courts and Industrial Tribunals. He runs a Law Firm in the name of Michael Dias & Associates. His two sons, Siddharth and Mayank Francis, are Partners in that Firm; they provide legal services not only in the field of Employment Laws but also in a variety of branches of Law. Mr. Dias is an active Member of the International Labour Organization (ILO) and LAWASIA and has delivered Lectures at various Law Conferences around the world; besides, is regularly invited by the National Judicial Academy at Bhopal to interact with Senior Judges and Judicial Officers on various aspects of Labour and Employment Laws.
Finally, Mr. Dias is a firm believer in Conciliation and Mediation; by nature and temperament, he has enormous belief in Human Resources. He supports win – win solutions, based on fair play and equity. In view of his vast experience in the field of Law, he is able to advocate simple pragmatic strategies for resolution of complex disputes.
Director - PHD Chamber of Commerce & Industry
Director - Aarvee Waxpol Tools (India) Private Limited
President - EFSI / Joint Managing Director - Brakes India Private Limited
Chairman - EFSI AP & TS Committee / President and CEO - AGI GLAS PAGP (Hindware Glass and Polymer Business)
Mr. Rrajesh K Khosla is President & CEO of AGI glaspac, a part of Packaging Products Division (PPD) at HSIL Limited, makers of the iconic brand ‘Hindware’. Mr. Khosla brings to the table a passion for business development that reflects in his stellar work ethic that focuses on practical implementation, his end-to-end approach towards business growth that entails employee development, financial analysis, and debottlenecking. His ability to create convergence between innovation and creativity has helped the PPD business at HSIL to scale newer heights. Mr. Khosla is the Current Chairman of EFSI for Telangana & Andhra Pradesh Region.
His ability to induce relevant micro-cultures within departments and align their operations accordingly has catalyzed overall business efficiency for the Container Glass business at HSIL. He also has rich experience of Joint Ventures, Anti-Dumping Duty & Market Development.
Mr. Khosla packs rich corporate experience, with 27 years spread across domains such as global and international businesses, business strategy, mining operations, and marketing. Before joining HSIL, Mr. Khosla served as the President Director and CEO at PT Jindal Stainless, Indonesia. He is also a visiting faculty at numerous renowned universities, where he shares his visionary expertise with students through insightful and motivating lectures. Mr. Khosla holds a Bachelor’s Degree in Metallurgy and an MBA.
Chairman – Karnataka Committee / Executive Director - Sree Valliappa Group of Companies
Secretary General - The Southern India Mills’ Association
President - United Planters' Association of Southern India
Advocate - Menon & Pai Advocates
Senior Advocate - Karnataka High Court
Chief Executive Officer - Banner Global Consulting
Chairman – Emeritus - Mahindra & Mahindra Limited
Chairman & Managing Director - India Pistons Limited
President and Managing Director - Flat Glass, South Asia and Saint-Gobain India Limited
Chairman - Wig Brothers India Limited
Managing Director - Tata Chemicals Limited
Mr. R. Mukundan, Managing Director & CEO of Tata Chemicals Limited, joined Tata Administrative Service in 1990, after completion of MBA from FMS, Delhi University. He is a distinguished alumnus of IIT, Roorkee, Fellow of Indian Chemical Society and an alumnus of Harvard Business School. During his 30 year career with Tata Group, he has held various responsibilities across the Chemical, Automotive and Hospitality sectors of the Tata Group. He serves on industry forums and impact organizations.
President – Global Human Resources, Lupin Global
Yashwant Mahadik (Yash) a seasoned global HR professional with over 30 years of experience in top-notch multinational corporations. Has established a track record of success in all his roles and assignments. His experience is diverse and varies across industries/sectors (Technology, Consumer and Healthcare) and geographies (India, UK, Japan, USA, ASEAN and Europe).His strengths and areas of expertise include; Strategy (Business, Workforce and HR functional), HR and Business Transformation, Leadership Development, Organization and Culture building, Capability Building, Workforce Design & Planning, Talent Management and Succession Planning, Merger/Acquisition Integration and Executive Coaching. He has led/is leading global transformation programs and initiatives in J&J, Philips, SunPharma and Lupin at enterprise level. He is proficient and enthusiastic about evolving social and digital technologies and has a strong presence on social media platforms such as Linkedin, Twitter, Facebook, etc and has a blog of his own (www.yashmahadik.com). He is recognized amongst top 50 most powerful HR professionals coming from India and is a leading HR thought leader who has worked in association with leading academicians in USA for conceptualizing and executing global strategic initiatives in areas of Human Resource Management.Has a very high social (development sector) orientation - believes in sharing his earnings and time with social developmental causes related to education for the underprivileged. Is an avid golfer and enjoys travelling and reading. He is a very keen photographer and is a creator of many professional level, highly creative images using digital photography equipment and technologies.
President – HR (UltraTech : Aditya Birla Group)
Managing Director - Tata Metaliks Limited
Mr. Sandeep Kumar has over 29 years of work experience with the Tata group having joined Tata Steel as a Graduate Trainee in 1991. He has handled various responsibilities having worked in different cities and countries. His core experience revolves around commercial and General Management responsibilities in the business of Steel and Steel raw materials including ferro-alloys and non-ferrous metals. He is currently the Managing Director of Tata Metaliks, a listed company on BSE and NSE. He has earlier been the Managing Director of S&T Mining Pvt Ltd (a JV Company of Tata Steel and SAIL for coal mining) from 2008 to 2012. Mr. Kumar is a Mining Engineer from IIT(ISM), Dhanbad and a postgraduate in International Trade from Indian Institute of Foreign Trade (IIFT), New Delhi. He has also participated in various Management & Leadership Development Programs including that at Leeds University Business School in UK where he won the British Chevening Scholarship in 1999 and at CEDEP, France where he attended its flagship General Management program in 2017. He is closely associated with various industry bodies; as the Managing Committee member of the Chamber of Commerce & Industry (BCCI), as a member of the CII Eastern Region council as also an executive member of Indian Chamber of Commerce.
Secretary General and CEO of the Indian Tea Association (ITA)
Mr. Arijit Raha is the Secretary General and CEO of the Indian Tea Association (ITA), the largest tea producers’ Association in India. The ITA also serves as the Office of the Consultative Committee of Plantation Associations (CCPA), an Umbrella Body of all tea producing Associations of North and South India. As Secretary General ITA, Mr. Raha is also the Secretary General of CCPA.
The ITA leads industry initiatives on advocacy, policy formulation, industry level IR negotiations and welfare initiatives for the growth and development of the industry.
In his career spanning over three decades with the ITA serving in the upcountry location of Assam and North Bengal for over a decade and 18 years in Head Office, Mr. Raha has championed several initiatives for the growth and development of the tea industry. He is also the co-founder of the Trinitea Framework that is empowering over 60,000 small tea growers in India to remain sustainable.
Mr. Raha has championed the cause of making Indian tea industry more competitive and more sustainable through:
Served as active member on:
Director General - EFI
Mr Roy Choudhury has over 28 years of experience covering Manufacturing, Media and Business Consulting and is currently Executive Director at Confederation of Indian Industry. He handles 3 National Committees/Task Forces in CII.
Sougata has been with CII for over 10 years and has significantly contributed to expansion of the Skill Development & Livelihood initiatives in CII. Ground level initiatives have been scaled up through the 66 offices of CII in India. This has enabled CII Skills to contribute greatly towards implementation of the National Skills agenda while at the same time understand and showcase the learnings, challenges and issues from the grass root level.
He has led CII’s skills policy recommendations on the Apprenticeship Act and the National Skills Policy, has given Skills inputs to ‘Make in India’, ‘Ease of Doing Business’, ‘Industrial Policy’, ‘Digital India’, etc.
He has worked to support, set-up and functionalise 11 Sector Skill Councils - Healthcare; BFSI; Logistics; Lifesciences; Beauty & Wellness; Tourism & Hospitality; Infrastructure Equipment; Paint & Coatings; Green Jobs; Furniture & Fitting; Persons with Disability and Logistics.
He has played a key role in conceptualisation and establishing CII’s Model Career Centre initiative as an industry led Employment Exchange. CII MCCs are in 40 locations including Gurugram, Mumbai, Chennai, Bareilly. The MCC’s have impacted over 4,50,000 youth and placed over 1,50,000 youth. The model is being scaled up by CII in partnership with various state governments and industry.
CII has been able to expand its skills work with international collaboration with:
· Is a Sending Organisation for Indian interns in Japan and this model is being expanded to other countries
· Exclusive partnership with international organisations for Training with the first being Ecole Hoteliere de Lausanne (EHL) Switzerland, the worlds No.1 Hospitality School, for VET courses in Hospitality
· Operating a Pre-Departure Orientation Training (PDOT) Centre in Chennai for MEA
On ground skill initiatives through Skill Training Gurukuls & Skill Training Hubs has enabled new models for Skill implementation. The CII’s industry led and driven; skills initiatives have been making great impact on ground.
Sougata has played a key role in achieving Labour reforms in the country. Policy advocacy and encouraging bilateral dialogues through Industry Trade Union Dialogue Forum on key labour issues has led to many successful interventions. Fixed Term Employment and working of women during night shift are some of the key outcomes which are part of the new regulatory framework (Labour Codes).
He is a member of Central Board of Trustee (CBT), a statutory body constituted by Central Government under the EPFO. He is actively engaged with major implementation arms of Ministry of Labour & Employment such as ESIC, V V Giri National Labor Institute etc.
Chairman & Managing Director, Director [HR & CA] – Additional Charge and Director [Manufacturing Businesses] – Additional Charge, Balmer Lawrie & Co. Ltd.
Shri Adika Ratna Sekhar has over 30 years of experience in leading multicultural organizations in Human Resources Management, Industrial Relations and Administration with hands on experience in Talent Acquisition, Talent Management, Organisational Development, Learning & Development and Change Management initiatives, 360 degree leadership development programme, Career and Performance Management systems and Performance counselling. He has lead employee engagement programs, employee welfare and loyalty programmes and trade union negotiations in progressive organisations of repute. A keen strategist with a flair for designing and implementing innovative strategies, he is credited for HR interventions in line with industry standards.
He is presently C&MD, Director [HR&CA]-Additional Charge and Director [Manufacturing Businesses]-Additional Charge of Balmer Lawrie, a Mini-Ratna I, PSE under the Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas, GOI. Prior to this he was C&MD designate and lead the HR & Corporate Affairs function as Director [HR&CA] since May 2018. He has been holding leadership positions in the HR function in industry leading organisations pan India for over a decade viz. Balmer Lawrie & Co. Ltd., Tata Projects, Ramky Group and GMR Hyderabad International Airport Limited. He has significantly contributed in various organisations in products and services categories in both the Private and Public sectors. He commenced his career with Vijai Electricals Limited, Hyderabad, as a Management Trainee, thereafter served in Bharat Electronics Limited for 17 years across roles and locations, before moving to the private sector organisations like Federal Mogul Goetze Limited, Bilfinger Berger Constructions Private Limited holding key managerial and leadership positions.
A seasoned professional, he believes in diversity, inclusion and change as the drivers of business growth, which in turn is leveraged for development of people capacity. During his leisure hours, he enjoys reading, listening to music and spending time with his family.
President Designate - Bengal Chamber of Commerce & Industry